University Education In China And Turkey
It has been showed that more than 70% of school leavers go to university in China, while about 60% of school leavers go to college in Turkey. In China, about 10% of school leavers decide to work after they finish high school education. Most of them have to work due to their failure in university entrance examinations. Although the Chinese administration supports relatively a few students to go to university, approximately 20% of school leavers have to abandon further study because they cannot afford their tuition fees. In Turkey, about 40% of school leavers will not study in university. Most of them establish companies by themselves or go to work as employees. Less than 2% of them abandon study due to economic burden.
It takes four years to obtain a bachelors degree in China and it is the same as in Turkey. Both of two countries universities test students by exams and course work. More than 99% of Chinese school leavers actually obtain university qualification, which is far more than the figure in Turkey that is only about 80%.
The majority of Chinese students prefer to live in university accommodations, whereas half of Turkish students live at home and half of them live in university halls. In China, most universities should provide enough halls for every student to live in university because most of students homes are far away from university. In Turkey, some students prefer living with their classmates and some of them enjoy living at home. It cost about $30 per month to rent a room in China. It is lower than in Turkey, which is about $35 per month. It seems that living standards are lower in China than in Turkey.
About 100 to 200 students attend an average lecture in China, which is far more than in Turkey. There are two different kinds of universities in Turkey. One is the private university; the other one is the public university. For private universities, about 40 to 50 students attend an average lecture while about 90 students attend an average lecture in public universities.
Both China and Turkey universities have cafeteria. However, in China there is no lounge while there are lounges for students in Turkey. It seems that Turkey has better education facilities than China does.
Every student in China has to pay tuition fees, which is about $280 per year. More and more private universities have been established in China. Their tuition fees are more expensive than public universities, which are reported about $720 per year. In Turkey, the tuition fees are free in public universities while private universities charge tuition fees about $300 per year.